There are some types of light fixtures that can be used in your home decor. After all, in addition to decorative styles, furniture and colors, lighting is also responsible for composing the decoration of different environments.
Whether indoors or outdoors, lighting contributes to aesthetics, well-being, style and comfort.
What is direct and indirect light?
Before deciding which is the best type of luminaire for each environment, it is necessary to know a little about the possibilities that a well-planned lighting can offer.
Among them is the incidence of lights.
Direct light, for example, falls directly on surfaces, which is why it is recommended for highlighting decorative objects, offices or study rooms, as its incidence highlights specific points, facilitates reading, computer use and enhances concentration.
Incidence of direct light projected by an articulated luminaire. Source: Live
However, direct light can be tiring in that it makes a significant difference to shadows as it is well-concentrated. Therefore, it is very important to avoid it on reflective surfaces such as marble, mirrors and even porcelain.
Indirect light, in turn, is more uniform. It hits surfaces and then is reflected with the function of illuminating the desired location. Its incidence is more pleasant because it is more diffuse in relation to the previous one, so it gives a feeling of greater comfort to the environment.
Incidence of indirect light projected by a wall light. Source: Live
In the type of luminaire called ceiling light, for example, the light is projected in two stages. In the first stage, it hits the ceiling light support and, later, in the second stage, it is reflected in the entire environment.
Incidence of indirect light projected by a ceiling light. Source: Live
And to harness the full potential of both, it’s important to know how to counterbalance their incidences.
Types of fixtures
Lighting promotes harmony and transforms the atmosphere between environments, while also changing people’s perception of the place.
In addition, the different types of lighting fixtures are also responsible for protecting the lamps, as well as highlighting the furniture and spaces within each room.
Check below the types of luminaires that can be used on different surfaces and environments.
In addition to lighting, chandeliers are known as real decorative pieces. No wonder they are so flashy and can be of different styles, sizes, prices and colors, for all tastes.
Perfect to highlight a specific environment, the chandeliers hang from the ceiling and, precisely because they are larger, it is necessary to pay attention to the details so as not to weigh down the decoration.
The chandelier is also a great option for the bedroom. Source: Amazon
The most luxurious, made of crystal or glass, can be easily found in high-end or very high-end properties and, in addition to the decoration, they create a very beautiful look through a play of lights with their luxurious design.
In addition, they can be found in the dining rooms, above the table, with a more classic decorative style and bold design, as their size lends itself very well to this type of environment, in addition to the halls and mezzanines.
This type of luminaire facilitates a more clean type of decoration, with a minimalist touch and modern style.
The recessed luminaire can be installed in a plaster ceiling or molding, which can help a lot to light specific points in the environment, such as decorative objects, and also includes the possibility of creating indirect lighting.
Installing the recessed luminaire is very easy. Source: Amazon
They can be installed in bedrooms, living rooms and bathrooms, giving a simpler yet elegant touch.
If you want to leave the environment more stripped or even sophisticated, the pendant lamps are a great option for those looking for variety.
They can be found in plastic materials, in different colors and with a matte support, while supports with a translucent surface have a more diffuse incidence.
Good options to complement the decor. Source: Amazon
It is, therefore, a lamp hanging by a wire or an electrical cable from the ceiling. They are often used on countertops in restaurants and cafes, to compose the decoration in a more relaxed way, for example.
They can also be used above smaller tables to create a focal highlight, drawing attention to a specific location or object, casting shadows. Great option for a living room with a more intimate feel.
The ceiling lights are fixtures and near the ceiling, with a more diffuse light, so indirectly, as it radiates initially upwards towards the ceiling, and then illuminates the environment.
The ceiling style proposal may vary according to the type of use in the decoration and the functionality required for the environment in question. However, it is actually a very versatile type of lighting.
The ceilings harmonize very well with a more striking decoration.
There are models of the superimposed luminaire type, plain or decorated, to be embedded in the ceiling with PVC, wood or with a recess in plaster, in different colors and sizes.
For this reason, they can be used in different environments, such as the kitchen, outdoor areas, living room, garages, balconies, bedrooms and even in hallways.
Apparent cable trays
The industrial style of decoration has gained much prominence recently, and the exposed electro-channels are essential luminaires to guarantee the clean atmosphere.
Visible cable trays contribute to a less conventional creative decor.
It is a style made from apparent electrical piping. Great option for a contemporary environment with a more urban climate, it can be hung from the ceiling with the help of specific supports.
Still thinking about the industrial style, another interesting luminaire option for this proposal are the lighting rails.
The lighting rails also combine with a cleaner decor. Source: Pinterest
Also very modern, this style has the advantage of economy in relation to the lowering of the plaster, since a light point on the ceiling is enough to have several spots. Thus, no lowering is necessary and the height of the ceiling is maintained.
If you like going to the movies, or have already built your own home cinema, you are certainly familiar with sconces.
This is a great option for those who prefer indirect lighting, since, attached to the wall, they emit a diffused and more discreet light, making the environment very cozy.
Sconces are good options for walls. Source: Amazon
For this reason, they are interesting options for environments that require more comfort, rooms, for example. But they can also be used in hallways (such as movie theaters), entrance halls and even bathrooms.
There are sconces in different materials and each one offers specific lighting, which allows you to create different light effects above and below the point where it is attached.
Ceiling or wall lamps
If your idea is to create a specific light spot, spots are a very functional type of luminaire for this purpose.
The spots are small pockets of light that have the distinction of being extremely targeted. They can be installed on the walls or ceiling of rooms in the house.
The spots are small, but they bring a lot of elegance to the environments. Source: Pinterest
However, it is important to remember that their lamps are not very powerful, for this reason they do not offer great brightness, being great for highlighting a specific point.
Spots are usually used to highlight paintings and decorative objects.
Because of their functioning, spots usually do not serve as an auxiliary to the main lighting system in certain environments.
However, even so, they can be used as a primary source.
From the French lampshade, which in Portuguese could be translated as “light breaker”, the lampshade is so called because it has a protection that “cuts off” the direct light of the lamp. In this way, the device illuminates directly only from below, emitting diffused light in other directions.
The lampshade is perfect for adding a special touch to the decor.
Widely used on tables, desks, bedside corners, sideboards or bedside tables, the lamp works very well in more intimate environments, being a good ally for those looking for a lower light, for reading or a moment of relaxation.
With this type of luminaire, it is possible to create various styles of decoration, as there are models in different sizes, colors and prices.
Articulated light or steerable spotlight
The steerable spot is a type of lighting system that ensures greater customization in the light spot, offering more lighting possibilities for the environment.
You’re probably remembering Pixar’s introduction right now. Source: Amazon
Each model of articulated or steerable spotlight has a specific level of flexibility, but they all ensure the ease of directing light.
Thus, they are great options for desks and reading spaces, as they give a greater focus to certain objects and small spaces, due to the direct light they emit.
Columns or floor lamps
The floor lamps are known to be very functional, because in addition to lighting, contribute directly to the decoration of the space because they are also decorative pieces.
They are loose pieces on the floor, with enough height to produce general lighting.
Also called column, the floor lamp is a great option for a more classic decoration proposal. Source: Amazon
There are several models on the market, as well as unusual sizes, colors and shapes. In addition, they can be as eye-catching as chandeliers and can also provide direct or indirect light.
Among the decoration styles, they are widely used in the living room or on closed terraces, as, with more options for directing light and also serving as a decorative piece, they offer more possibilities to the environment.
Just as you can find table lamps, there are also large models on the market, and they are used as a floor lamp.
These are called floor lamps because they have the dome, which is characteristic of this model, a detail that differentiates it from other types of floor lamps.
There are several models of floor lamps, including some that have a built-in table. Source: Pinterest
The models are very functional as they also serve as a decorative item and are known to be very versatile as they work very well in many rooms.
Floor lamps can be used in the bedroom, dining room, entrance hall, living room, among other environments. Therefore, it is a great option for those who like to experiment when it comes to decoration.
The benchmarks are fixtures used to direct the way in outdoor areas like hallways or gardens.
The beacons give a special touch to the gardens. Source: Amazon
Thus, they can be patterned and fixed to the floors in a harmonious way, contributing to a subtle, cozy and also very elegant lighting.
The reflectors are floor lamps used outdoors. One of their most striking features is their potency, which is why they are recommended for outdoor locations.
Reflectors are very powerful light sources. Source: Amazon
They can be used to illuminate garages and gardens, shining a large volume of light, and they can also be used to create shadows in landscape projects, since, due to their potency, they are good agents for manipulating shading.
Thus, in addition to lighting, they also contribute to the decoration of outdoor environments, which can be used to create effects on the walls and plants of a garden, for example.
If you’ve seen the Bat Sign of the greatest superhero of all time, you’ll definitely know what an up-light is.
Like the reflectors, the up-lights are also fixed to the floor and are used in outdoor areas, contributing to the landscaping of the environments.
The up-light is a great option to create a brighter and beautiful landscaping. Source: Pinterest
The up-light is a luminaire that has an incidence directed from the bottom to the top. It is used to light gardens and enhance potted plants.
In addition, it also works very well on pillars, building facades and houses.
The main difference between the reflector and the up-light is the direction and focus of the light emitted by each one. While the reflector projects a diffused light, it illuminates a much larger area. The up-light is more focused, as a beam of light directed directly at a certain location or object.
It is a type of wall light, used for outdoor environments.
Made with a stronger material, the tortoise luminaire guarantees more security for external lighting. Source: Amazon
The tortoise lamp, however, is more specific, as it is in an environment that requires more resistant appliances due to agents such as humidity, sunlight and strong winds, for example.
The emergency light consists of an internal rechargeable battery, by which its lighting system is activated automatically in case of lack of electrical lighting in the environment.
This luminaire, therefore, remains connected to the socket and, upon any signal of power interruption, it is turned on. Remembering that the battery is not consumed while the lamp is off, connected to the socket.
For this reason, to ensure that it always works, you need to ensure that it is always loaded.
Battery charging is done with the luminaire in “off” mode and charging takes 24 to 48 hours to complete. But the time can also vary according to the model of each device.
Remember that the most recommended is that the emergency light is already included in the project of your home’s electrical system. However, if you want to install after the construction has finished, it is also possible.
The power of the type of emergency lighting depends basically on the size of the space that needs to be lit, and they can be composed of fluorescent or LED lamps, a more ecological and durable option.
Illumination intensity is measured in lux, which is the ratio of the amount of lumen (unit of luminous flux) per m² of space to be illuminated.
The emergency light is a guarantee of security for your home. Source: Amazon
According to the technical standard ABNT NBR 10898, there are two forms of emergency lighting: clearing and signaling.
The lightening lighting has the function of illuminating the floor, especially in places with vertical or horizontal circulation, which have exits to the outside of the place.
While the lighting for signaling aims to indicate changes in direction, in case of obstacles or possible exits. In this case, the best thing is for the device to have at least about 30 lumens.
Now that you know a little more about the types of lighting fixtures, you can plan which ones you will use for lighting and decorating your home.
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